Access to water is continually being monitored. Currently, acute water scarcity is affecting the lives of those living in the cities and villages in northern and central India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southern Madagascar and southern Mozambique according to WaterAid. These are the world’s poorest regions with a history of difficulty accessing a reliable, safe source of water. The irony is that these areas have contributed the least to climate change, yet are most affected by its impact.
In particular the regions of in Shimla, Sonbhadra and Bundelkhand, 163 million people are without access to clean water close to home, which affects 15 per cent of all rural residents and 7 per cent of all urban residents.
Bangladesh is suffering from depleted groundwater sources, due to reduced rainfall and rising sea levels that have left the water saline. Bangladesh is home to more than 4 million people without close access to water. There is also has naturally occurring arsenic in the water, which affects about 1 in 8 households.
The hot season in Myanmar is becoming increasingly dry, adding to annual water scarcity in the country, leaving about 17.5 million people without access to clean water close to home, particularly rural residents.
We never know the worth of water till the well is dry. Thomas Fuller
Southern Mozambique is having to cut water supplied and enforce water rationing after failed rains and heavy use by large-scale agriculture. It is estimated that 14.7 million people in the country are without access to clean water close to home.
Southern Madagascar has been affected both by severe drought and torrential flooding, leaving half of the residents without access to clean water close to home, a total of about 12 million.